What is a Nephrologist?
What are the stages of Chronic Kidney Disease?
A person’s eGFR is the best indicator of how well the kidneys are working. An eGFR of 90 or above is considered normal. A person whose eGFR stays below 60 for 3 months or longer has CKD. As kidney function declines, the risk of complications rises.
Moderate decrease in eGFR (30 to 59)
At this stage of CKD, hormones and minerals can be thrown out of balance, leading to anemia and weak bones. A health care provider can help prevent or treat these complications with medicines and advice about food choices.
Severe reduction in eGFR (15 to 29)
The patient should continue following the treatment for complications of CKD and learn as much as possible about the treatments for kidney failure. Each treatment requires preparation. Those who choose hemodialysis.
Kidney failure (eGFR less than 15)
When the kidneys do not work well enough to maintain life, dialysis or a kidney transplant will be needed. In addition to tracking eGFR,
Points to Remember
- The kidneys are two vital organs that keep the blood clean and chemically balanced.
- Kidney disease can be detected through a spot check for protein or albumin in the urine and a calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based on a blood test.
- The progression of kidney disease can be slowed, but it cannot always be reversed.
- End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the total or nearly total and permanent loss of kidney function.
- Dialysis and transplantation can extend the lives of people with kidney failure.
- Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of kidney failure.
- People with reduced kidney function should see their nephrologist doctor regularly. Chronic kidney disease increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
- People in the early stages of CKD may be able to save their remaining kidney function for many years by
- controlling their blood glucose
- controlling their blood pressure
- following a low-protein diet
- maintaining healthy levels of cholesterol in the blood
- taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)
- not smoking